Yoga is one of the ancient technique not only for physical fitness but for getting a spiritual awakening. Many people across the world now gaining the knowledge of Yoga and all their limbs. There are many speculations about the origin & originator of Yoga. Different author has a different way of understanding the Yoga with its origin.
As wiki says,
The origins of yoga have been speculated to date back to pre-Vedic Indian traditions; it is mentioned in the Rigveda, but most likely developed around the sixth and fifth centuries BCE, in ancient India’s ascetic and śramaṇa movements. The chronology of earliest texts describing yoga-practices is unclear, varyingly credited to Upanishads. The Yoga Sutras of Patanjali date from the first half of the 1st millennium CE, but only gained prominence in the West in the 20th century. Hatha yoga texts emerged around the 11th century with origins in tantra.
Some believe that Shiva has created all forms of Yoga & some believers believe that Fish was the first being who originate yoga.
To understand the origin of Yoga, one needs to understand the time & different pralayas. There are 4 yugas, Satya, Treta, Dwapar & Kali, and these yugas together considered as Mahayuga. Such 71 mahayugas is called as one manvantara & such 14 manvantaras with 15 sandhyas are called as one kalpa. It called as one day of Brahma and similarly, there is one night of Brahma.
Following are four YUGAS as per VEDAS
1 SATYUG = 17,28,000 years (17 Lakh 28 Thousand)
1 TRETA YUG = 12,96,000 years (12 Lakh 96 Thousand)
1 DWAAPAR YUG = 8,64,000 years (8 Lakh 64 Thousand)
1 KALIYUG = 4,32,000 years (4 Lakh 32 Thousand )
This is collection of 4 YUGAS. The total is 4,320,000 (4.32 million).
1 MANU = 71 MAHAAYUG = 71 × 4,320,000 Years = 306,720,000 Years (306.72 Million).
A Kalpa is made up of BRAHMA’s one day which is equal to 1000 MAHAYUGAS. Universal dissolution happens after that during night of brahma, followed by creation of new universe.
1 KALPA= 1 DAY OF BRAHMA= 1,000 MAHA YUG= 1,000 x 4,320,000 Years = 4,320,000,000 Years( 4.32 billion).
1 day of Brahma Consists of 14 MANU’s & There is a gap /Junction of 1,728,000 years in between every two manus.
1 DAY OF BRAHMA= 14 MANU’s + 15 Junction points= 14 x 71 x 4,320,000 years+ 15 x 1,728,000 = 4,294,080,000+25,920,000 =4,320,000,000 years ( 4.32 billion )
1 FULL DAY OF BRAHMA =2 KALPAS =Day + Night= 4,32,00,00,000 x 2= 8,640,000,000 years ( 8.64 Billion )
Full Age Of whole Universe = 100 years of brahma with 360 days per year= 100 x 360 x 8,640,000,000 = 311,040,000,000,000 years
(311,040 billion human years. i.e. 311.04 trillion years)
At this moment, we are in kaliyuga of 7th manvantara.
currently, we are on the first day of the 51st year of Brahma.
1) Calculation for 50 years of Brahma- 50 x 360 x 8,640,000,000 years= 155,520,000,000,000 years ( 155,520,000. million years = 155.52 trillion years).
2) Calculation of one day for the 51st year Brahmahma – 1,972,949,118 years.
TOTAL = 155,520,000,000,000 years +1,972,949,118 Years=155,521,972,949,118 Years(155.522 trillion).
6 Manu = 6 x 306,720,000 Years = 1,840,320,000 Years.
27 Mahayug = 27 x 4,320,000 Years = 116,640,000 Years.
1 SATYUG = 17,28,000 years
1 TRETA YUG = 12,96,000 years
1 DWAAPAR YUG = 8,64,000 years
KALIYUG = 5118 years till date
TOTAL= 1,960,853,118 years (1.960 billion)
7 JUNCTION POINTS– 7 x 17,28,000=12,096,000 Years
TOTAL = 1,972,949,118 years (1.9729 billion)
Puranas describe the events based on this 14 manvantaras of current kalpa. There is mass destruction after the end of kalpa. In the last manvantara, King Satyavrata got saved by an incarnation of Vishnu in the form of fish in the last manvantara and the king become the manu of this manvantara. That’s one of the reason some people assume that fish was the one from where yoga originated.
All the Vedas and information has been recollected in this manvantara from past manvantara. Thus, the origin of yoga, if we consider in this manvantara, will be wrong. Thus, we cannot be sure of how and when yoga has started. If we go far more behind at the time of the beginning of the universe, Brahma regained all information from the smruties of last Brahma when he meditated to Parabrahma. There is an infinite number of universes where simultaneously all the things are going on.
If we go so far in time, we can understand that we can’t find the actual sage or personality which has created yoga. In other world, parmatma has created everything and is the origin. Different understandings of origin of yoga are due to time constraint, we understand with our finite mind.